自由贸易的优缺点

自由贸易的优缺点
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优点:

通过国际交换获得本国不能生产或生产成本太高的产品, 从而使消费者得到更高水平的满足 Through the international exchange gain their inability to produce or production cost is too high, thus make consumer products get a higher level of satisfaction

通过国际分工发挥比较优势使本国资源得到最佳配置。

Through the international division of labor enhancinginternational competitivenessby restructuringexport make domestic resources to get optimum allocation.

通过国际分工和交换,一国可以获得规模效应、竞争效应和学习效应,从而促进就业扩大、 收入提高,推动产业升级换代和经济的持续增长。

Through the international division of labor and exchange, a country can obtain scale effect, competition effect and the study effect, thus promoting employment expansion, income increase, promote industrial upgrading and sustained economic growth

在自由贸易下, 各国可按照自然条件, 比较利益和要素丰缺状况, 专门生产其有利较大或不 利较小的产品, 这种国际分工可带来很多利益,如专业化的好处、 要素的最优配置、社会资 源的节约以及技术创新等等。

In free trade, central according to the natural conditions, comparative advantage and factors abundant lack status, specializing in the production of its advantageous larger or smaller products, this kind of adverse international division can bring many benefits, such as professional benefits, elements of the optimal configuration, social resource saving and technological innovation, etc. 扩大真实国民收入。 各国根据自己的禀赋条件发展具备比较优势的部门, 要素就会得到合理 有效的分配和运用,再通过贸易以较少的花费换回更多的东西,从而增加国民财富

Expand real national income. Countries according to their instincts with conditions for the development of compare superiority department, elements will be effective and reasonable allocation and utilization, again through trade for less cost change back into something more, thus increasing the national wealth

自由贸易下,由于进口廉价商品,国民开支减少。

Free trade, due to import cheap goods, national cutbacks.

自由贸易有利于提高 利润率 , 促进 资本积累 。 对外贸易 可阻止国内利润率下降的趋势, 通过 商品进出口的调节,可以 降低成本 ,提高收入水平,增加资本积累,使经济得以不断发展。 Free trade is helpful to improve profitability, promote the capital accumulation. Foreign trade can prevent domestic decline in margins tendency, through the import and export of goods adjust, can decrease the cost and increase the income level, increase the capital accumulation, make the economy has continuous development.

自由贸易并不是完美的,不同的国家由于其发展阶段不同贸易政策也应有所不同。

自由贸易下本国的中低端产业将会受到不同程度的冲击, 本国的一些发展缓慢的产业可能被 淘汰出局。应该培植它们的竞争力,直到这些产业成长起来。

自由贸易下,可能会存在一些不正当竞争,使一些中小企业的生存环境变得恶劣。

在经济全球化的大趋势下, 自由贸易会使一些产业出现 “马太效应” 不利于勾践和谐健康的 产业发展。

自由贸易是以短期利益牺牲长期代价为前提为代价的, 从长远来看, 目前尚处于萌芽阶段但 将来对国民经济发展十分重要的工业产业的生产能力在自由贸易的环境下会受到剧烈冲击,

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