PART Ⅳ ClOZE [15 min]

People thinking about the origin of language for the first time usually arrive at the conclusion that it developed gradually as a system of grunts, hisses and cries and ____26 a very simple affair in the beginning. ______27 when we observe the language behavior of ____28 we regard as primitive cultures, we find it _____29 complicates. It was believes that an Eskimo must have at the tip of his tongue a vocabulary of more than 10,000 words ___30 to get along reasonably well, much larger than the active vocabulary of an average businessman who speaks English.

______31, These Eskimo words are far more highly inflected (词尾变化的)than _____32 of any

Of the well-known European languages, for a ___33 noun can be spoken or written in ______34 hundred different forms, each ___35 a precise meaning different from that of any other. The forms of the verbs are even more _____36. The Eskimo language is, therefore, one of the most difficult in the world to learn, ______37 the result that almost no traders or explorers have ___38 tried to learn it. Consequently, there has grown up, in communication between Eskimos and whites, a jargon ___39 to the pidgin English used in Old China, with a vocabulary of from 300 to 600 uninflected words. Most of them are derived from Eskimo but some are derived from English, Danish, Spanish, Hawaiian and other languages. It is this jargon that is usually _____by travelers as the Eskimo language.

26. A. must be B. must have been

C. ought to be

D. should be

27. A. However B. Therefore C. probably D. undoubtedly

28. A. whose B. that C. which D. what

29. A. conspicuously B. usually

C. surprisingly

D. sufficiently

30. A. so as B. so that C. as such D. as well as

31. A. However B. Moreover C. Though D. Therefore

32. A. the others B. all others C. these D. those

33. A. single B. singular C. plural D. compound

34. A. some B. several C. various D. varied

35. A. getting B. causing C. having D. owning

36. A endless B. multiple C. uncountable D. numerous

37. A. with B. for C. owing to D. as

38. A still B. indeed C. just D. even

39. A. alike B. similar C. related D. relevant

40. A. referred to B. talked about C. spoken D. told


41. She did her work _________her manager had instructed.

A. as

B. until

C. when

D. though

42. _______ of the twins was arrested, because I saw both at a party last night.

A. None

B. Both

C. Neither

D. All

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