Chapter 2: Equal Opportunity and the Law Multiple Choice 1. The ________ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law.”Fifth 2. The ________ Amendment outlawed slavery, and courts have held that it bars racial discrimination.Thirteenth 3. In what year was the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified? 1865 4. The ________ Amendment makes it illegal for any state to “make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States.”Fourteenth 5. Which amendment is generally viewed as barring discrimination based on sex, national origin, or race?Fourteenth 6. The ________ gives all persons the same right to make and enforce contracts and to benefit from the laws of the land. Civil Rights Act of 1866 7. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination based on all of the following characteristics except ________.sexual orientation 8. Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act bars discrimination on the part of most employers, including all public or private employers of ________ or more persons.15 9. What type of organization is covered by Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act? a. private educational institutions b. private employers of 15 or more persons c. federal government d. state government 10. How many members serve on the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission? 5 11. Members of the EEOC are appointed by the ________. President of the United States 12. Members of the EEOC serve ________ terms. 5 years 13. The ________ made it unlawful to discriminate in pay on the basis of sex when jobs involve equal work, require equivalent skills, effort, and responsibility, and are performed under similar working conditions. Equal Pay Act of 1963 14. When companies utilize ________, they take steps to eliminate the present effects of past discrimination. affirmative action 15. Which of the following factors is not an acceptable basis for different pay for equal work under the Equal Pay Act of 1963? gender 16. Jack is a 55 year-old American of Anglo-Saxon descent. What legislation is intended to protect Jack from discrimination?