Eight CAI Modes in Language Learning and Teaching
Libin Yang Zhejiang University City College
Abstract: This paper discusses computer application in language learning and teaching, and suggests 8 modes in the language learning and teaching. It is concluded that the computer can best assist instructors in language learning and teaching if it is seen not as a replacement for their work but as a supplement to it; the computer-assisted learning has stressed the individualization of instruction, and the learner can work at his or her own pace.
Key words: CAI multimedia teaching modes *
Language, as a system, consists of a set of lexical items and syntactic and phonological rules. The number of its grammatical rules is limited, but the exceptions to rules are numerous, and its vocabulary is in continual change. It is more complicated in its semantics, rhetoric and discourse comprehension. The immensity and complexity of the background knowledge cannot be ignored in language communication. In the real world the language we use varies according to a number of situational factors, the most important being the participants, the topic, the speech event, and the setting. It is one of the most important tasks in learning a foreign language to discover how these factors interact, and to develop a feeling for what is appropriate and what the range of appropriacy is in a particular situation. What is needed is an opportunity to experiment with the factors and to develop a sense of how a language relates to the society from which it springs and which the language in turn helps to form. The traditional foreign language classroom offers little opportunity for such experimentation.
The computer, however, can come to the learner‟s help if we can model the socio-linguistic rules that link language to situation. Computer application in the field of education deeply affects transformation of education and is a tool for language instruction and research in and outside classroom. The system of CAI (computer-assisted instruction) and the technology of multimedia alter the traditional teaching mode that centers on language instructors by talking of teachers as managers, monitoring student progress and adjusting the pace of presentation during the course. Multimedia is a multi-functional technique that enables the communication between the computer and man by way of media through organic integration of pictures, graphs, scripts and sound. By means of CAI system and multimedia technique, more object teaching environment can be created to achieve satisfactory effects.
II. CAI in Language Teaching/Learning
2.1 CAI in Language Classroom
A teaching process consists of three factors: teachers, students and teaching media. Multimedia enriches the study environment and makes the language sufficiently interesting and relevant to hold the learners‟ attention. The computer-assisted learning has stressed the individualization of instruction, and the learner can work at his or her *Libin Yang, female, M.A., lecturer of Foreign Languages School, Zhejiang University City College; Address: Room 101, Unit 2, No. 38, Dongshan Nong, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310013, P. R. China; Tel: 0571-87993086, 13857157590; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com