Personality Traits

Personality Traits
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Personality Traits

What are Personality Traits?
A personality trait is a consistent and longlasting tendency in behaviors. There are different personality traits that people normally exhibit.

What are Personality Traits?
Traits are distinguishing qualities or characteristics of a person. Traits are a readiness to think or act in a similar fashion in response to a variety of different stimuli or situations.

What are Personality Traits?
Traits are now more in favor than types. Remember, traits are continuous; types are categorical.

Category Types Traits

Character discontinuous, discrete, qualitative

Number Few

continuous, degree, quantitative Many

Idiographic vs. Nomothetic
There are two different views as to whether all traits exist in all people:
Idiographic: people have unique personality structures; thus some traits (cardinal traits) are more important in understanding the structure of some people than others .

Idiographic vs. Nomothetic
Homothetic: people's unique personalities can be understood as them having relatively greater or lesser amounts of traits that are consistently across people (e.g., the NEO is nomothetic) Homothetic

The Big Five Personality Factors
A strong consensus has emerged since the mid1980's about the number and nature of personality traits. Five superordinate factors have emerged, often referred to to as the "Big Five" or the 5-factor model. These presence of these five factors is well supported by a wide variety of research.

The Big Five Personality Factors

Neuroticism (Emotional Stability)

Extraversion (Introversion)

Openness to experience (Closedness to experiences)

The Big Five Personality Factors

Agreeableness (Disagreeableness)

Conscientiousness (Lack of conscientiousness)

The Big Five Personality Factors
Each trait is measured by 6 facets (or subordinate traits). These are:
N Anxiety Angry hostility Depression Selfconsciousness Impulsiveness Vulnerability E Warmth Gregariousness Assertiveness Activity Excitementseeking Positive emotion O Fantasy Aesthetics Feelings Actions Ideas Values Trust A Straightforward Order -ness Altruism Compliance Modesty Tendermindedness Dutifulness Achievement striving Self Discipline Deliberation C Competence

Specifical Case ——Software Engineering
SE is a technical and complex activity that requires a high level of cognitive ability.

Specifical Case——Software Engineering
The success and otherwise of software development depends on cognitive factors such as mindset, abstract thinking, analytic, visualization capability, and so on.

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