Judy Jinhan Chen AP Psychology Brain Structure Review and Study Note

Judy Jinhan Chen AP Psychology Brain Structure Review and Study Note
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Judy Jinhan Chen AP Psychology Brain Structure Review/ Study note

Brain Structure

CEREBRAL CORTEX Frontal Lobe (Cerebrum)

Location

Functions

Decision making Problem solving Complex movements Reasoning Motor control Language processing Comprehension Decision making Problem solving Thinking Attention Inhibition Social skills Control of voluntary muscle movement Imitation Empathy

Mal Functions

Paralysis Inability in social interactions Mood changes Inability to express language inability to inhibit inappropriate social behavior memory dysfunction impairments in self initiated movements cognitive problems

Disorders

ADHD Schizophrenia Bipolar disorder (prefrontal cortex)

Substructures

Prefrontal cortex Premotor cortex Motor cortex Broca’s area

Prefrontal Cortex

Premotor Cortex

Primarymotor Cortex

At the front most region of the cerebral cortex At the anterior part of the frontal lobe, in front of the motor and premotor cortex. In front of the primary motor cortex within the frontal lobe of the brain, near the posterior border for the prefrontal cortex. Located in the posterior portion of -

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ADHD Autism Bipolar disorder Depression Schizophrenia Autism

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Orbitofrontal Cortex Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

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coordination works with premotor

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speech impairments insufficiency in

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Autism Schizophrenia

the frontal lobe. Broca’s Area In the lower part of the frontal lobe on the left hemisphere of the brain -

area to plan actions and movements Language production (motor functions with speech production -

motor-learning Broca’s aphasia (inability to express language Repetitive speech Disordered sentence and grammar Disordered structure of individual words inability to locate and recognize objects disorientation lacking coordination difficulties in perceiving touch difficulties in recognizing one’s own body phantom limb pain difficulty in understanding speech, face, object unable to recognize -language Impairments in autism relates to broca’s area

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Parietal Lobe

Above the occipital lobe and behind/posterior to the frontal lobe.

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Perception and integration of somatosensory info. Spatial intelligence Number representation

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Alzheimer’s disease Children ADHD)

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Somatosensory cortex Inferior / Superior parietal lobule Precuneus Precuneus

Somatosensory Strip

Located in the superior part of the parietal lobe.

- Receives information from the body (touch, temperature and/or pain.)

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Autism

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Temporal Lobe Located in both hemispheres of the brain, anterior of the occipital lobe Perception and recognition of auditory stimuli (hearing, vision) -

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Wernike’s Aphasia(speech) Prosopagnosia(face) Agnosia (object)

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Werinike’s Area Auditory cortex

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responsible for memory and speech

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faces longand short-term memory loss aggression increased/decreased interest in sexual behaviors Insensitive with different pitch and volume.

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Schizophrenia Autism

Auditory Cortex

Located in the temporal

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